Lanzarote, a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean and has a volcanic origin. It was born through fiery eruptions and has solidified lava streams as well as extravagant rock formations. The island emerged about 15 million years ago as product of the Canary hotspot. The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736 in the area now designated Timanfaya National Park.

Lanzarote is located 11 km north-east of Fuerteventura and just over 1 km from Graciosa, it has 213 km of coastline, of which 10 km are sand, 16.5 km are beach, and the remainder is rocky. Its dramatic landscape includes the mountain ranges of Famara in the north and Ajaches to the south. South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego. The highest peak is Peñas del Chache rising to 670 m above sea level. The "Tunnel of Atlantis" is the largest submerged volcanic tunnel in the world.